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You need to understand weather conditions in Paris to plan your trip to the city. Each station speaks differently of Paris. The city experiences a mild climate that is affected by the Atlantic Ocean. Winters are cold, and summers are pleasantly warm without being hot. Parisian weather gets infrequent influences of Arctic air mass and warmer winds from North Africa, and that is why there are times when the city can be very cold or very, very hot. Usually, an annual amount of precipitation the city receives isn't extreme. There are more rainy days during the winter, but intense thunderstorms are frequent in summer on hot, muggy days. In Paris, quick light showers happen very often throughout the day. Snowy days are rare. As usual, the best time to visit Paris is from late spring through middle autumn. Mid-May through June is particularly pleasant, with long days and mild temperatures. Spring is beautiful but can be quite cold. Average daily highs vary from 46°F (8°C) in the winter to 77°F (25°C) at the height of summer. To get a better idea of what kind of weather you can expect on your trip to the City of Light, check out each season one by one. Seasons in Paris Spring in Paris Spring in Paris is mostly unstable, with temperatures ranging from pleasant to quite cold. In March , flowers barely blossom and trees along the boulevards are still not green. Short snowfalls can even occur in this period. Daily highs reach 54°F (12°C). It can still be chilly, with random winds and showers. Temperature doesn't change much by April . May can be a bit unpredictable. Despite pleasant temperatures - by May the weather warms up to a very pleasant 68°F (20°C); still, it can be an extraordinarily rainy month. Nights remain pretty cold throughout the season. Summer in Paris SummerRead more
Details about Paris travel is available on the website, you can view the structured information in the chapters: hotels and accommodation, restaurants and Cafes, museums and monuments, parks and gardens, shopping, nightlife, transportation, useful Information, excursions, and guided tours. It's better to book activities on the website in advance, so you won't have to stand in long lines in front of museums and other places. You can also book museum passes, metro passes, river cruises, cabarets and tours on the website. There is no charge for this service. All you need to do is to pick it up from the Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau. Opening hours : Monday- Thursday: 10:00-18:45; Friday-Sunday: 10:00-18:45 Address : 29 Rue de Rivoli, Paris Telephone : 08 92 68 30 00; calls cost €0.34 per minute Tourist offices of Paris depend on the city council of the French capital. The central office is located next to the Seine, in the 1st district, near the metro Pyramides. There are five permanent offices, in the large train stations. During summer, five other offices open near the places popular among tourists as Champs Elysees, Notre-Dame, the mayor's office, Bastille and the cemetery of Pere Lachaise. Tourist information centers typically open from 8 in the morning and close at 6 in the afternoon. Besides that, It is possible to find tourist information in many other places, such as hotels, cinemas, museums, district town halls and even in restaurants and shops. Tourist information centers provide information about all the big cities, the national Parks and gardens in France. Do not hesitate to visit them at the beginning of your trip to obtain free maps, brochures and get the answer to any questions you may have. ThereRead more
Paris consists of twenty regions, called " arrondissements ," each having its characteristics and attractions. They are numbered from 1 to 20, from the center out. At the same time, each arrondissement comprises four districts. 1st Arrondissement This arrondissement is actually at the geographical center of Paris and the most visited arrondissement. It is one of the oldest areas of Paris, still retaining its old charm as the center of French royalty. The area abounds in important historical sites,such as the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Garden . Louvre Museum Louvre is one of the most important art museums in the world. It lays in the heart of the French capital. Glass pyramid (designed by IeohMing Pei in 1917) in the courtyard of the palace is marking its entrance. Museum Collections The Museum possesses a collection of more than 1 million objects (many of them are masterpieces) from antiquities to European paintings of the 15th to 19th centuries. It is impossible to take a tour around the whole museum all in one visit, but you can focus on a particular gallery. The most famous piece is the Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa or La Gioconda (or La Jocondein French) painted in 1503-1505, Michelangelo’s “ Dying Slave ” and the ancient Greek sculpture, “ Venus of Milo.”Other exceptional works are the enormous Wedding Feast at Cana painting by Veronese (1563), and Botticelli 's frescoes. Also, a must-see is the extravagant apartments of Napoleon III , the ancient Code of Hammurabi , Egyptian antiquities and paintings by masters like Rembrandt and Rubens . Access through the Metro at the station Palais-Royal, Batobusto the EscaleLouvre. Tuileries Garden TuileriesRead more
Founding Paris Paris was founded approximately at the end of the 3rd century BC by Celtic tribes called Parisiion the bank of the river Seine, although there is some evidence that the city was inhabited by nearly 700.000 years. Roman Rule In 52 BC after Romans conquered the land, they changed the name of the town into Lutetia, and they gave the city a Roman appearance, including a forum, several bathes, and amphitheater. The city was always a target for attacks from the barbarians in the 2nd century, resulting in the destruction of the town by the mid-3rd century. The residents of the city took refuge on the island, and they built a thick wall to protect the city, and the place was known as Paris. In the 3rd century, Christianity started to spread in this region and most of the residents turned into Christianity. Merovingian & Carolingian Dynasties The Frankish conquered Paris by the end of the 5th century under Clovis he founder of the Merovingian dynasty, who decide to change the name of the city from Lutetia to Paris and made it the capital of his kingdom. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty started ruling the Frankish kingdom, and the moved the capital to Aachen,the Viking attacked Paris in 845 and 885, during the second attack people turned to Robert I of France and his brother Odothe count of Paris to help them. The Capetian Dynasty Under the governance of Hugh Capet, founder of Capet Dynasty, the capital moved back to Paris in 898, and the city became more powerful and prosperous. The maintenance of the public order was entrusted to a representative of the king, in the 11th century they formed the first guilds. In 1163 the king started the construction of Notre Dame de Paris which would be the center of the religious life in the city. The Gothic masterpiece was finished two centuries later in 1345. PhilipRead more
The public transportation system in Paris is one of the most efficient and fast systems around the world. The service is provided through a vast network of trains, buses, Noctilin(night buses), trams, and the RER - suburban express train. Metro Paris metro is an easy, fast and cheap way to commute around Paris, you will find 300 metro stations distributed around the city, and a total of 16 lines goes to every direction. The entrance is marked with a big yellow label with letter M. Operating time The metro runs every day including public holidays. Trains run in a different frequency depending on the time of the day, at rush hour trains run every 2 minutes. Working hours : Sunday - Thursday: 5.30am- 12.45am; Friday/Saturday: 5.30am -1:45 am. Major metro lines: Line 1: from La Défenseto Château de Vincennes, and Stops include Louvre, Champs-Elysées, Chatelet, Bastille. Line 2: from Porte Dauphine to Nation and Stops include Anvers ( SacreCoeur), Garedu Nord, Champs-Elysées, Père-Lachaise. Line 3: from Pont de Levallois– Béconto Gallieniand Stops include St. Lazare, République, Père-Lachaise. Line 4: from Porte de Clignancourtto Mairiede Montrougeand Stops include Chatelet, St. Michel, Montparnasse. Line 5: from Bobigny– Pablo Picasso to Place d'Italieand Stops include Gare d'Austerlitz, Bastille, Place d'Italie Line 6: from Charles de Gaulle-Etoile to Nation and Stops include Eiffel Tower, Montparnasse, Champs-Elysees. Line 7: from La Courneuve– 8 Mai 1945 to Mairie d'Ivryand Villejuif – Louis Aragon and Stops at Place d'Italie, Opera, Louvre. Check the destination along the southern axis because the line forks off in two. Line 8: from Ballard to Creteil, Central stops include Invalides, Opéra, BastilleRead more
Nobody questions that Paris is one of the finest cities in the world for shopping. The city’s different quarters each have their mood and atmosphere. Expect to find shops selling classic and expensive items, new fashion centers, outlets, along with bohemian designers and independent gift shops and boutiques. The city adapts to any budget since there is a variety of commercial spots. Champs-Élysées and other shopping streets One of the main avenues associated with Paris is the Champs Elysees, where French tour usually ends. On the upper part of the street, you can find luxury shops and department stores. The Avenue Montaigne and the Rue Saint Honorépresent the most expensive and luxurious jewelry stores in the capital. Rue Royale next to the Plaza de la Concordia, consists of fashion centers belonging to Hermes, Prada and Saint Laurent. If you are shopping on a small budget, Latin Quarter or the Saint Germainneighborhood is a better option for you. Department stores Galeries La Fayette - The most famous department store even outside of France is Galeries LaFayette. This place is a tourist attraction. You can find the best brands of clothing, footwear, perfumery and decoration and appliances there. Although it doesn’t seem old, the store opened at the end of the 19th century. Le Bon Marché opened 40 years ago In a neoclassical building located in the area known as the Rive Gauche. Close to Le Bon Marché you can find Saint Germaindistrict with antique shops, luxury boutiques and the typical Parisian cafes. The street also crosses the Latin Quarter, student area with more affordable prices especially if you are looking for bookstores. Galerie Vivienne , the best-preserved gallery,has a beautiful mosaic floor and impressive iron-and-glass roof. This favorite spot is home to the ateliers-boutiques of Jean-Paul Gaultierand Nathalie Garçon.Read more
For lifelong sports fans who need a good dose of adrenaline, Paris can supply an ample fix. The French go crazy for soccer, tennis, rugby, and horse racing, among other sports. There are ice arenas, green parks, and some genuinely beautiful swimming pools. Hammams, or Turkish baths, are popular and range from the chichi to the steaminglyauthentic. You could also learn the tricks of the gourmet chef at a cookery school, or play afew rounds of boules. There’s a world-leading array of spectator sports on offer, too,from football to horse racing, not to mention the triumphal arrival of the Tour deFrance in July. Paris St- Germain(PSG), one of France’s best and strongest football teams, is the only major-league club in the city. The capital’s teams also retain a special status in the rugby and tennis worlds, and horse racing is a serious pursuit. Probably the biggest deal, however, is cycling. Ball Games AccorHotels Arena hosts all manner of sporting events – basketball, handball,hockey, boxing- as well as gigs from the likes of Ed Sheeran and Lady Gaga. It holds twenty thousand people, so you've got a fair chance of getting a ticket at the entrance. Horse Racing Paris has an army of avid horse-racing fans who get to the city’s eight racetracks whenever possible. News on races is available in newspapers like L’Equipe; you can buy them atParis kiosks, you can also check the information online at www.france-galop.com.The week starting the last Sunday in June sees a variety of big racing events near Paris, at St-Cloud and Chantilly, and within the city at Vincennes andLongchamp in the Bois Du Boulogne. The Hippodrome de Longchamp is the epicenter of Paris horse racing. It was established in 1855 during the dictatorial and pleasure-loving reign ofNapoleon III. It’s the most prestigious track. Tennis ARead more
Paris is a universal city, and its inhabitants represent a fantastic mix of cultures, religions, backgrounds and wealth. The people who live in Paris are pretty different from those who live in other parts of France. Wages are higher in Paris, and the median age of people in the city is younger than that of France as a whole (41.1 years). They also live hectic lives and are more relaxed. The people of Paris are quite diverse. Paris-born Parisians are exceeded by those born outside the city, many of whom keep their provincial or international ties. Around 23% of the population moved to Paris sometime after they were born.20% of the Parisian population consists of first-generation immigrants, and at least 40% of children who live in the city have one parent who was a first generation immigrant. Emigration levels are almost just as high in Paris as immigration levels. People tend to relocate to the city when they are young, yet once they reach retirement age, they move to the countryside to live more peaceful and less expensive life. As a result of high immigration rates, many shops, restaurants, and neighborhoods have a French regional or international flavor. While most nonnative Parisians are French, more than one-tenth of the population is foreign-born. About a third of the city’s foreign citizens are from European Union member countries, but the largest immigrant groups are peoples of African origin. These families group in the poorer northern quarters or, increasingly, in the peripheral suburbs surrounding the capital. Characteristics Some stereotypes about the French people include that they are typically smokers, slim and slender, drink a lot of wine and coffee and are the ultimate romantics. The French focus on beautiful things in life and take time to indulge in them. FrenchRead more
Paris is known as a modern international city, but its architecture breathes the air of history. Paris is the result of centuries of grandiose urban planning. The city is known for the fusion of styles such as Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Neoclassical, Art Nouveau and Contemporary architecture. All these create a mixture that turns into an elegant Parisian aesthetic. Gallo-Roman Evidence of Roman Paris can be seen in the residential establishments in the Crypte Archéologique , the Arènes de Lutèce , the frigidarium and other remains of Roman baths dating from around AD200. Merovingian & Carolingian Merovingian and Carolingian periods, during 6th to 10th centuries, produced a relatively large number of churches but very little of them survived. All that still stands is the Tour Clovis , a heavily restored Romanesque tower. Romanesque A religious revival in the 11th century led to the construction of many roman (Romanesque) churches, typically with round arches, massive walls, few (and small) windows and a lack of ornamentation that bordered on the austere.No remaining building in Paris is entirely Romanesque, but several have essential representative elements. Église St- Germaindes Prés , built in the 11th century on the site of the Merovingian ruler Childeric’s6th-century abbey, has been altered many times over the centuries, but the Romanesque bell tower above the west entrance has changed little since AD 1000. The choir, apse and truncated bell tower of Église St-Nicolas des Champs , now part of the Muséedes Arts et Métiers, areRomanesque. Renaissance Period TheRead more
Finding parking in such a densely crowded city with traffic as Paris can become a nightmare if you are driving during rush hour or holiday seasons. If you are traveling by car and you don’t know the best places to park in Paris, you will expose your vehicle to potential vandalism and the danger of being fined. For this reason, the problem of parking in Paris is just as important as the problem of finding a place to stay. So as is often the case, free parking spaces are very popular, while paid parking is sometimes costly. Types of parking spaces in Paris Rotating lanes Parking is paid from Monday to Saturday from 9 am to 8 pm, free on Sundays and public holidays. Only visitor parking is possible. Mixed lanes It is also free on Sundays and public holidays, and from Monday to Saturday from 9 am to 8 pm you must pay for parking. Both types of parking, residential and visitor, are permitted. Long Term Parking Parking in Paris is becoming increasingly problematic, that’s the reason why parking for rent is the ideal solution to find a parking space without difficulty. In Paris, whether on rotating lanes or mixed lanes, the parking period is generally limited to two hours. However, there are other long-term parking solutions: residential parking, long-term parking authorized by the police, rental parking or visitor parking. How to obtain long-term parking right in Paris? You can apply for long-term parking permission at the police station. The permission, however, does not guarantee that you can reserve the place. Residential parking LongRead more
When to Reserve Paris is one of the world’s most famous travel destinations, and hotels fill up fast during high season. Hotels have different cancellation policy—most hotels take at least one night’s stay as a deposit and keep it if you don’t show up. Some hotels offer special low prices that must be paid up in advance and are nonrefundable. Others give a full refund only if you cancel a week in advance. Museums with free entrance There are museums in Paris that don’t require any payment to enter: The museum of modern art, Balzac museum, Victor Hugo House. Some museums are free on the first Sunday of each month including Pompidou Center, OrangerieMuseum, Orsay'sMuseum, Picasso museum, Museum du Quai Branly, Rodin Museum, Louvre Museum (free only from October 1 to March 31, low season). What to Wear Try to wear formal clothes (and accessories such as scarves). You’ll also stand out as a tourist-less and therefore be less of a target for pickpockets. Wear sturdy shoes whatever the season – cobbled streets aren’t kind on high heels or thin soles. When visiting religious sites such as Notre Dame, be sure to dress respectfully. Internet WiFi(pronounced “wee-fee” in France) is now widely available in French hotels, although there is often a charge. For a list of free Wi-Fi spots around the city, including public buildings, parks and squares see www.paris.fr A list of cafés with freeWi-Fi can be found here www.cafes-wifi.com Public Toilets The number of public toilets in Paris is not abundant, so many times you will have to ask permission in a restaurant to use the bathroom of the place. Some restrooms require payment, so it’s advisable to carry some coins with you, just in case. Lost property To reclaim lost items in Paris, go in person (with ID) to the Bureau des Objets Trouvés, 36 rue des Morillons, 15th; PhoneRead more
Paris, also known as the City of Light, has always been one of the main tourist destinations in Europe with more than 42 million foreign visitors per year. Its graceful streets, full of history, really are as elegant as they say. Its monuments and museums are exceptional, but Paris is so much more than a beautiful collection of buildings and monuments. For the best in art, culture, and business, all roads lead to Paris. Paris is famous for its neoclassical architecture and is home to the world’s greatest museums, art galleries, concert halls, nightspots, parks, gardens, cafes, historical monuments and recreation places. All the continent’s greatest minds and talents came here. After World War II, it became the iconic backdrop of a new form of cinema: La Nouvelle Vague (the French New Wave).
The Etymology of the name
The name "Paris" originates from its early inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe, that founded the city in the 3rd century BC.
Paris is often mentioned as the City of Light (La Ville Lumière), initially because of its dominant role during the Age of Enlightenment and more literally because Paris began lighting the Champs-Elysées with gas lamps in 1828, and was one of the first European cities to use gas street lighting on its boulevards and monuments.
Location and Urban Planning
The city is located in the north of France in the center of the Parisian basin and crossed by the river Seine.
The Seine defines the three main parts of historical Paris. At its center is the Ile de la Cite, which is the seat of religious and temporal authority (the word cite implies the nucleus of the ancient city).
The Seine’s Left Bank, Rive Gauche, has traditionally been the seat of intellectual life.
Right Bank, Rive Droite, contains the heart of the city’s economic life, but the distinctions have become blurred in recent decades. The blending of all these functions at the center of France resulted in a tremendously active environment.
Haussmann and Napoleon III (Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) transformed Many of the famous boulevards and city center buildings. The streets became much broader with completely reconstructed buildings and new places and squares. You can see the result of transformed atmosphere, space, and perspective with an example of the Avenue des Champs-Élysées while preserving historical buildings such as Notre Dame.
Population of Paris
Paris is one of the largest European capitals.
At the tail end of 19th-century Paris had more than 1 million inhabitants, after World War II growth continued and for the early 21st century it reached 10 million. Massive rehousing reduced the city’s high density, though it remained well above the northern European average. Estimated number of inhabitants of Paris is 2.1 million in 2019 so that about four out of five Parisians are suburbanites. Many families moved out to newer and more spacious homes in the smaller towns around the capital, leaving the city of Paris with aging, curiously solitary inhabitants, with almost half of the households consisting of just one person.
Within the first years of the 21st century, the city’s population slowly began to increase. With birth rates rising and older persons tending to retire outside the capital region, the Parisian population also grew younger. However, the residents of the surrounding suburbs (Metropolitan area) are estimated to be around 10.5 million, and it is the most populated place in Europe.
Paris is on Central European Time, UTC/GMT +1 hour. Daylight saving time lasts from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October. France uses the 24-hour clock.
French is the official language in the city and the rest of France. In the parts of the city where most of the people are tourists, many locals speak some English, especially in the tourism industry, but it's always a good idea to learn a few polite words and phrases in French for your trip. Other languages spoken in Paris include regional languages like dialects of German and Celtic languages.
Paris is not only the political and cultural capital of the French nation but also leading financial and business center. If you include the suburban areas, it is home to 20% of the country’s population and the source of most French jobs. Many international organizations and huge companies have their offices here. And even large French firms which have their manufacturing plants in the provinces, nearly all keep their headquarters in Paris, close to the major banks and key ministries.
The majority of the population in Paris are nominally Roman Catholic. Muslims are an essential presence in the city, as evidenced by its dozens of mosques, including the Grande Mosquée de Paris in the 5th arrondissement. The Jewish community center is the Marais neighborhood, on the Rue des Rosiers quarter, in the 4th arrondissement, where there are numerous synagogues, kosher stores, and Hebrew bookshops.
Access to the city
The city has two airports: Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG) located northeast and the Orly Airport located south of Paris.
Paris has three main stations: Gare Du Nord, Gare de L'est and Gare de Lyon. Gare Du Nord is the most popular station thanks to the Eurostar, the high-speed train.